Carcass wrote:
A solution of water and sugar is 20% sugar by weight. After several weeks, some of the water evaporates so that the solution is 60% sugar by weight. What is the ratio of the final weight of water to the initial weight of water in the mixture?
(A) 1:6
(B) 1:3
(C) 1:4
(D) 4:1
(E) 6:1
The question is asking us to find a certain RATIO, let's start by assigning a "nice" value to the original volume of solution
A solution of water and sugar is 20% sugar by weight. Let's say that we ORIGINALLY have 100 ml of solution.
20% of 100 = 20
So, the original solution contains 20 ml of sugar, and
80 ml of water
After several weeks, some of the water evaporates so that the solution is 60% sugar by weight. Let x = the volume of water in the NEW solution.
Since no sugar was evaporated from the mixture, we know that the new solution still contains 20 ml of sugar.
So, the total volume of the NEW solution = x + 20
Since the new solution is 60% sugar by weight, we can write: 20/(x + 20) = 60/100
Simplify to get: 20/(x + 20) = 3/5
Cross multiply: 3(x + 20) = 100
Expand: 3x + 60 = 100
Subtract 60 from both sides: 3x = 40
Solve: x =
40/3What is the ratio of the final weight of water to the initial weight of water in the mixture?The ratio = (
40/3)/
80= (40/3)(1/80)
= 1/6
= 1:6
Answer: A