Re: Few marbles are put into 8 pouches such that each pouch contains at le
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21 Nov 2023, 18:54
We need to calculate the least possible number of marbles in the 8 pouches, so the least possible number would be 8 , considering we have 1 marble in each pouch , now with this in mind let us look at the restrictions/conditions:
Let us number the pouches from P1 to P8
we are given that at the most 4 pouches can contain the same number of marbles -- thus P1,P2,P3 and P4 can have a minimum of 1 marble each i.e. total 4 marbles
Now the second condition states that no two of the remaining pouches can contain an equal number of marbles , so we can have P5=1, P6=2, P7=3, and P8=4 , but if we have P5=1 , it will violate the first condition that at the most 4 pouches can contain the same number of marbles , thus the minimum value of P5=2, then P6=3, P7=4 and P8=5 , thus P5+P6+P7+P8 = 2+3+4+5 = 14 marbles
Thus total = 4 + 14 = 18 marbles answer C