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Re: Historically, sociologists have presumed that people will at [#permalink]
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Historically, sociologists have presumed that people will attribute certain characteristics to a member of a particular group when it is generally believed that most members of that group possess the characteristics in question. For sociologists Hepburn and Locksley, such social stereotyping has led to the broader question

Clearly C is the answer of the role of the first sentence to the rest of the passage.

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Re: Historically, sociologists have presumed that people will at [#permalink]
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UPDATED the entire passage for further discussions
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Re: Historically, sociologists have presumed that people will at [#permalink]
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QUESTION 1

The first sentence states that sociologists have historically held the view that individuals stereotype.The rest of the paragraph delves into Hepburn and Locksley’s study, which investigates the extent to which people are aware of their own stereotyping behavior. Therefore, the first sentence provides the historical background for Hepburn and Locksley’s study.The closest answer is therefore choice (C).
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Re: Historically, sociologists have presumed that people will at [#permalink]
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QUESTION 2


The passage starts with a historical overview of stereotypes and then focuses on two investigators who look at the related issue of whether or not individuals are aware that they are applying stereotypes.Choice (A) sums this up the best.Choice (B) is out of scope. Choices (C) and (D) are too strong; it is neither an attempt to prove nor to refute anything.Choice (E) is too specific, and the passage doesn’t contain any detailed lists.
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