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Occupations foster gender differences among workers : Reading Comprehension

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Re: Occupations foster gender differences among workers [#permalink]
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OE QUESTION #2


"In office settings, for instance, dress codes—either formal or implicit—are not unusual; female employees may be required to wear dresses, nylons, and high-heeled shoes to enhance their femininity." This select the sentence question references the sentence that best strengthens the author's claim that informal workplace codes regarding aesthetics can preserve gender disparities. The phrase "informal workplace codes" provides an easy place to start. The third sentence of the second paragraph indicates that dress codes may require specifics designed to enhance femininity, which satisfies the subject of the question. The correct answer is the third sentence of the second paragraph.
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OE QUESTION #3


The support for the answer to this inference question is provided by the statement in the passage that "internal stratification" refers to that "men and women in the same occupation often perform different tasks and functions." Choice (A) can be eliminated, as the word "impossible" is extreme language that is not supported by the text, which references ambition as a quality denigrated in a woman. Choice (B) is a memory trap, as the passage references both the influx of women workers and that women in corporations may be noticed and scrutinized more than their male counterparts simply by virtue of their numerical rarity. Choice (D) is a memory trap, as the passage references extreme segregation and refers to different evaluations of men and women with the qualities "that are highly praised in one sex are sometimes denigrated in the other." Choice (E) is a memory trap, as the passage refers to the majority of female bakers as "found in highly automated baking industries, while their male counterparts are located in less automated bakeries," which does not necessarily indicate a difference in pay. The correct answer is (C).
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OE QUESTION #4


The support for the answer to this purpose question is provided by the statement in the passage that "it would be a mistake to claim that all gender differences are forced on people," as "male nurses and female marines actively construct their own gender." Choice (A) is a reversal, as the author is emphasizing the importance of internal forces in the last paragraph. Choice (C) is a reversal, as the passage uses the example of male nurses and female marines earlier as an example of unusual gender roles, and as a counterexample in favor of traditional gender roles in the final paragraph. Choice (D) is a memory trap, as the author discusses the preservation of conventional gender roles in a nontraditional context in the majority of the passage, while the last paragraph focuses on self-made gender roles. Choice (E) is a memory trap, as the passage states "male nurses contend that their masculinity is not at all threatened," but provides no reference for tension. The correct answer is (B).
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OE QUESTION #5


A and B The support for the answer to this inference question is provided by the statement in the passage that "male nurses never wear the traditional nursing cap," which is part of a series of examples used to illustrate a strategy used to maintain gender differences. Because this question specifies "cannot logically be inferred," (C) is eliminated because it is supported by the passage. Choice (A) is not supported because the influx of women workers does not indicate a displacement of male jobs. Choice (B) is not supported because the denigrating term "wimpy" does not indicate different capabilities for manual effort. The correct answer is (A) and (B).
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OE QUESTION #6


The support for the answer to this retrieval question is provided by a series of statements in the passage. The word "except" indicates that the correct answer is the choice not supported by the text. Choice (A) is supported with the reference to "the very qualities... highly praised in one...sometimes denigrated in the other." Choice (B) is supported with the reference to dress codes to "enhance...femininity." Choice (C) is supported by the phrase "actively construct their own gender...in terms of traditional masculine and feminine traits." Choice (E) is supported with the reference to "men and women in the same occupation who perform different tasks and functions." Choice D is recycled language, as the passage provides no support for pressure from coworkers. The correct answer is (D).
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OE QUESTION #7


"The added pressure may actually result in different job performances from men and women in nontraditional occupations and exacerbate gender differences." (Lines 40-43) This select the sentence question references a sentence that theorizes that unofficial habits regarding gender in the workplace can influence employee behavior. An easy place to start is the phrase "employee behavior" as opposed to requirements imposed on employees. The phrase "informal practices" at the beginning of the third paragraph further leads to the final two sentences of the third paragraph. While the final sentence provides an example, the second-to-last sentence of the third paragraph provides a theory with the statement "added pressure may result in different job performances." The correct answer is the second-to-last sentence of the third paragraph.
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Re: Occupations foster gender differences among workers [#permalink]
For question #5:-
In the paragraph I can see this sentence: "the majority of female bakers are found in highly automated baking industries, while their male counterparts are located in less automated bakeries."
This means men are working in manual setting rather than automated.

So due to this the below can be inferred from the passage:
B. Men are more adept than women at performing tasks that require a high degree of manual effort.

So how come we are saying that cannot logically be inferred from the passage??
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Re: Occupations foster gender differences among workers [#permalink]
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But that sentence DOES NOT tell you or confirm that answer B is true. You did not read carefully.

That sentence is to highlight the fact that the integration or sexual biases between male and female is indeed NOT so true

Even in those occupations that appear sexually integrated, the aggregate statistics often mask extreme internal segregation. Although the proportion of female bakers increased from 25 percent in 1970 to 41 percent in 1980, for example, the majority of female bakers are found in highly automated baking industries, while their male counterparts are located in less automated bakeries. The same phenomenon has been detected among pharmacists,

The sentence in blue means that women are used to work in high automated industry and the men make more manual job. And the meaning g that the women DO NOT perform MORE manual jobs and they are relegated to automated jobs. And this is discriminatory. For example for having a more sexually integrated jobs women should perform jobs such as miners

B instead says

B. Men are more adept than women at performing tasks that require a high degree of manual effort.

This is completely different form the concept that the passage tries to explain to us: sexual integration is different from the fact that the men are more adept to perform a manual job than women

I hope this helps
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Re: Occupations foster gender differences among workers [#permalink]
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Thanks Carcass.
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Re: Occupations foster gender differences among workers [#permalink]
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