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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Becuase option D is not mentioned in the passage.

Quote:
The dichotomy remains of use insofar as it reminds us that the rise of industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences.


Which means that the phenomenon had a vast complexity.

Hope this helps.

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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
Why is choice E for question 13 not right?
In the passage it says "remind us that industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences"
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
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Serious pitfalls therefore confront historians of leisure who assume continuity and who work with the modern concepts of leisure and sport, projecting them back onto the past without asking about the meanings contemporaries gave to their activities. However, the discontinuity hypothesis can pose problems of its own. Historians holding this view attempt to avoid anachronism by means of a simple dichotomy, cutting European history into two eras, preindustrial and industrial, setting up the binary opposition between a “festival culture” and a “leisure culture.” The dichotomy remains of use insofar as it reminds us that the rise of industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences. The dichotomy, however, leads to distortions when it reduces a great variety of medieval and early modern European ideas, assumptions, and practices to the simple formula implied by the phrase “festival culture.”

As you can see C is the correct answer.

E is wrong because it says that the historians do not know the distinction between pre and industrial age. It is the contrary: they set up this simple distinction just because they do not want or are not able to catch the complexity of different eras
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
1
Ahhh thank you I see.
It reminded/made them pay attention to not just the economic phenomenon.
And E is just wrong cause it couldn't separate
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
"Historians holding this view attempt to avoid anachronism by means of a simple dichotomy, cutting European history into two eras, preindustrial and industrial, setting up the binary opposition between a “festival culture” and a “leisure culture.” The dichotomy remains of use insofar as it reminds us that the rise of industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences."

Q3. The use if simple dichotomy is mentioned as it helps in contrasting the two areas namely the preindustrial and industrial era.

The dichotomy is use to the extent (in so far) as it brings out the industrial reforms to the cognisance of Hiostorians.

Let me know if still not clear
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
Why A is the answer in the question Q3?
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
Why A is the answer in the question Q3?
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
/why is choice B for question 2 incorrect?

Historians holding this view attempt to avoid anachronism by means of a simple dichotomy, cutting
European history into two eras, preindustrial and industrial, setting up the binary
opposition between a “festival culture” and a “leisure culture.”

Is it because this is the view of the historians and not the author?
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
Why is choice E for question 13 not right?
In the passage it says "remind us that industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences"
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
+1
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
why is question 1 option D wrong?
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
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Quote:
Serious pitfalls, therefore, confront historians of leisure who assume continuity and who work with the modern concepts of leisure and sport, projecting them back onto the past without asking about the meanings contemporaries gave to their activities. However, the discontinuity hypothesis can pose problems of its own.


From this we infer that E is correct

I suggest to download the file here how to tackle the main idea of a passage


https://gre.myprepclub.com/forum/how-to-sc ... 23624.html
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
I thought for the second one A is the answer because , it is bringing all the approaches under one umbrella called "Festive culture".

Also for the fourth one , why is B incorrect?
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Re: OG_VPR # 11-12-13-14 Most recent work on the history [#permalink]
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The dichotomy remains of use insofar as it reminds us that the rise of industrial capitalism was not purely a phenomenon of economic history, but had social and cultural preconditions and consequences.


B) The imposition of modern conceptions and meanings on past societies

VS

C) Failure to take into account the complexity of certain features of European culture


The above statement leads us to C pretty straight.

I do not know frankly, lately, why a lot of questions by the students on answer choices that are CLEARLY wrong.

Everything boils down to single simple, extremely, facile thing


READ CAREFULLY. that's it.

Regards
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