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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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OE QUESTIONS #3


The support for the answer to this purpose question, indicated by the phrase “in order to,” is provided by the statement in the passage that the view that “peaceful resolution… takes place most easily when the major parties share fundamental values” contains “important insights about the normal functioning of the American polity.” Choice (A) is a reversal, as Becker is referenced in order to support the view of the sociologists. Choice (B) can be eliminated, because the word “characterized” is extreme language that is not supported by the text, which only provides for a reason “the minority can accept the victory of the majority.” Choice (C) is a reversal, as the passage provides support for the idea that political parties may wish to discuss only issues that are not divisive, but not that the democracy as a whole should do so. Choice (D) is recycled language, as the point in the passage about varying interests is distinct from the reason that the author mentioned Becker. The correct answer is choice (E).
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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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OE QUESTION #4

The support for the answer to this inference question is provided by the statement in the passage that Republicans in the 1850s supported free labor, critiqued southern society, believed in a conspiratorial “slave power,” and that antagonistic civilizations… were competing for control. Choice (A) is a memory trap, confusing the reference to a slave power with the idea that slaves would win… federal elections. The correct answer is (B) and (C).
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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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OE QUESTION #5

The minority can accept the victory of the majority at the polls, because both share many basic values, and electoral defeat does not imply ‘a fatal surrender… of vital interests.’  This select the sentence question references a practical illustration of why a non-ideological political party system may function well in America. Possible sentence choices may be narrowed to the first paragraph, which provides the only examples of something that may function well. The final sentence of the first paragraph provides the only practical illustration, as the rest of the paragraph discusses the topic in general terms. The correct answer is the final sentence of the first paragraph.
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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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OE QUESTION #6


The support for the answer to this inference question is provided by the statement in the passage that the “existing political system could not contain the two irreconcilable ideologies [of the northerners and southerners] and in the 1850s each national party… disintegrated.” Choice (B) is a reversal, as the passage states that southerners saw slavery as the very basis of civilized life. Choice (C) is a memory trap, referencing the statement in the passage that the Republican ideology centered on the notion of “free labor,” altering the meaning of that phrase. The correct answer is (A).
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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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OE QUESTION #7


This is a tone question, which requires analyzing the author’s choice of language toward the subject. The author discusses the Republican party only in the final paragraph, and careful analysis of the language in that paragraph shows that the author provides no indication of his or her own opinion. The author states only the beliefs of the Republicans and does not provide his or her own judgements. Thus, the author’s attitude is neutral, eliminating (A), (B), (C), and (E). The correct answer is choice (D).
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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
3. The author mentions Carl Becker in order to

A. challenge the position popularly held by political sociologists regarding the power of ideology
B. argue that a democracy is characterized by the peaceful transition of power from one party to another
C. promote the notion that it is better for a democracy to address only issues that are not divisive
D. suggest that, in order for a democracy to flourish, the political system must represent diverse interests
E. lend credence to the assertion that political stability is founded upon the absence of ideological confrontation


I don’t see any information in the passage that says an “absence” of ideological confrontation is required for political stability.

Quote:
Government by majority rule, Carl Becker observed many years ago, works best when political issues involve superficial problems, rather than deep social divisions.


By using “Rather” , the author does not rule out the possibility that deep social divisions may still be useful even to a very small degree of effectiveness for achieving political stability. But he does not state that a state of “absence “ is required here.

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Re: Political parties today are consciously non-ideological, but in the 18 [#permalink]
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Werner wrote:
3. The author mentions Carl Becker in order to

A. challenge the position popularly held by political sociologists regarding the power of ideology
B. argue that a democracy is characterized by the peaceful transition of power from one party to another
C. promote the notion that it is better for a democracy to address only issues that are not divisive
D. suggest that, in order for a democracy to flourish, the political system must represent diverse interests
E. lend credence to the assertion that political stability is founded upon the absence of ideological confrontation


I don’t see any information in the passage that says an “absence” of ideological confrontation is required for political stability.

Quote:
Government by majority rule, Carl Becker observed many years ago, works best when political issues involve superficial problems, rather than deep social divisions.


By using “Rather” , the author does not rule out the possibility that deep social divisions may still be useful even to a very small degree of effectiveness for achieving political stability. But he does not state that a state of “absence “ is required here.

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Is this a doubt sir ? I did not get
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