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Re: Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong. Jacksonian America was [#permalink]
Any explanation please?
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Re: Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong. Jacksonian America was [#permalink]
2
Question - 1 - According to the passage, Pessen indicates that all of the following were true of the very wealthy in the United States between 1825 and 1850 EXCEPT:

Choice D - Most of them accumulated their own fortunes. CORRECT

The passage clearly states that:

Though active in commerce or the professions, most of the wealthy were not self-made but had inherited family fortunes.


Choice A - They formed a distinct upper class. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states -

Pessen does present a quantity of examples, together with some refreshingly intelligible statistics, to establish the existence of an inordinately wealthy class

Indeed, in several cities the wealthiest one percent constantly increased its share until by 1850 it owned half of the community’s wealth.


Choice B - Many of them were able to increase their holdings. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

Indeed, in several cities the wealthiest one percent constantlyincreased its shareuntil by 1850 it owned half of the community’s wealth.


Choice C - Some of them worked as professionals or in business. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

Though active in commerce or the professions, most of the wealthy were not self-made but had inherited family fortunes.



Choice E - Many of them retained their wealth in spite of financial upheavals. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

In no sense mercurial, these great fortunes survived the financial panics that destroyed lesser ones.



Question - 2 - Which of the following best states the author’s main point?

Choice E - Pessen challenges a view of the social and economic systems in the United States from 1825 to 1850, but he draws conclusions that are incorrect. CORRECT

The author clearly mentions in the last sentences that E.Pessen draws wrong conclusions on the basis of correct data

Although these observations are true, Pessen overestimates their importance by concluding from them that the undoubted progress toward inequality in the late eighteenth century continued in the Jacksonian period and that the United States was a class-ridden, plutocratic society even before industrialization.

Choice A - Pessen’s study has overturned the previously established view of the social and economic structure of early-nineteenth-century America. WRONG

Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong.

Clearly the author does not consider Pessen as having overturned (too extreme a word) the previously established view of the social and economic structure of early-nineteenth-century America. The extreme word overturned is red flag worth considering.

"At least so argues E. Pessen..."

again proves that the author himself does not subscribe to Pessen's view.


Choice B - Tocqueville’s analysis of the United States in the Jacksonian era remains the definitive account of this period. WRONG

The fact that the author disagrees with Pessen's conclusions does not mean that he supports Tocqueville (I like the name). Also definitive is too strong a word and is a red flag.

Plus, this is not the main point.

Choice - C - Pessen’s study is valuable primarily because it shows the continuity of the social system in the United States throughout the nineteenth century. WRONG

The author in fact disagrees with this conclusion and says that " Pessen overestimates their (true observations) importance" in concluding that "that the undoubted progress toward inequality in the late eighteenth century continued in the Jacksonian period and that the United States was a class-ridden, plutocratic society even before industrialization."

Plus, this is not the main point.

Choice D - The social patterns and political power of the extremely wealthy in the United States between 1825 and 1850 are well documented. WRONG

Pessen does present a quantity of examples, together with some refreshingly intelligible statistics, to establish the existence of an inordinately wealthy class.

Thus he presents only a quantity of examples, and we cannot conclude on this basis that they were "well documented".

Also, well document is an extreme phrase and should trigger the red flags in you.

Plus, this is not the main point.
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Re: Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong. Jacksonian America was [#permalink]
1
Expert Reply
HarishKumar wrote:
Question - 1 - According to the passage, Pessen indicates that all of the following were true of the very wealthy in the United States between 1825 and 1850 EXCEPT:

Choice D - Most of them accumulated their own fortunes. CORRECT

The passage clearly states that:

Though active in commerce or the professions, most of the wealthy were not self-made but had inherited family fortunes.


Choice A - They formed a distinct upper class. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states -

Pessen does present a quantity of examples, together with some refreshingly intelligible statistics, to establish the existence of an inordinately wealthy class

Indeed, in several cities the wealthiest one percent constantly increased its share until by 1850 it owned half of the community’s wealth.


Choice B - Many of them were able to increase their holdings. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

Indeed, in several cities the wealthiest one percent constantlyincreased its shareuntil by 1850 it owned half of the community’s wealth.


Choice C - Some of them worked as professionals or in business. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

Though active in commerce or the professions, most of the wealthy were not self-made but had inherited family fortunes.



Choice E - Many of them retained their wealth in spite of financial upheavals. WRONG

This is wrong because the passage states that:

In no sense mercurial, these great fortunes survived the financial panics that destroyed lesser ones.



Question - 2 - Which of the following best states the author’s main point?

Choice E - Pessen challenges a view of the social and economic systems in the United States from 1825 to 1850, but he draws conclusions that are incorrect. CORRECT

The author clearly mentions in the last sentences that E.Pessen draws wrong conclusions on the basis of correct data

Although these observations are true, Pessen overestimates their importance by concluding from them that the undoubted progress toward inequality in the late eighteenth century continued in the Jacksonian period and that the United States was a class-ridden, plutocratic society even before industrialization.

Choice A - Pessen’s study has overturned the previously established view of the social and economic structure of early-nineteenth-century America. WRONG

Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong.

Clearly the author does not consider Pessen as having overturned (too extreme a word) the previously established view of the social and economic structure of early-nineteenth-century America. The extreme word overturned is red flag worth considering.

"At least so argues E. Pessen..."

again proves that the author himself does not subscribe to Pessen's view.


Choice B - Tocqueville’s analysis of the United States in the Jacksonian era remains the definitive account of this period. WRONG

The fact that the author disagrees with Pessen's conclusions does not mean that he supports Tocqueville (I like the name). Also definitive is too strong a word and is a red flag.

Plus, this is not the main point.

Choice - C - Pessen’s study is valuable primarily because it shows the continuity of the social system in the United States throughout the nineteenth century. WRONG

The author in fact disagrees with this conclusion and says that " Pessen overestimates their (true observations) importance" in concluding that "that the undoubted progress toward inequality in the late eighteenth century continued in the Jacksonian period and that the United States was a class-ridden, plutocratic society even before industrialization."

Plus, this is not the main point.

Choice D - The social patterns and political power of the extremely wealthy in the United States between 1825 and 1850 are well documented. WRONG

Pessen does present a quantity of examples, together with some refreshingly intelligible statistics, to establish the existence of an inordinately wealthy class.

Thus he presents only a quantity of examples, and we cannot conclude on this basis that they were "well documented".

Also, well document is an extreme phrase and should trigger the red flags in you.

Plus, this is not the main point.


This is a GREAT explanation!!
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Re: Tocqueville, apparently, was wrong. Jacksonian America was [#permalink]
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