Re: If 3 different integers are randomly selected from the integ
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10 Mar 2024, 03:55
Let's be systematic and arrange the lengths in descending order
KEY CONCEPT: The longest side must be less than the sum of the other two sides
Triangle lengths with 12 as the longest side
12, 11, 10
12, 11, 9
12, 11, 8
12, 11, 7
12, 11, 6
12, 11, 5
12, 11, 4
12, 11, 3
12, 11, 2
Total outcomes in the form 12, 11, _ = 9
12, 10, 9
12, 10, 8
12, 10, 7
12, 10, 6
12, 10, 5
12, 10, 4
12, 10, 3
Total outcomes in the form 12, 10, _ = 7
12, 9, 8
12, 9, 7
12, 9, 6
12, 9, 5
12, 9, 4
Total outcomes in the form 12, 9, _ = 5
12, 8, 7
12, 8, 6
12, 8, 5
Total outcomes in the form 12, 8, _ = 3
12, 7, 6
Total outcomes in the form 12, 7, _ = 1
So, the total number of outcomes with 12 as the longest side = 9 + 7 + 5 + 3 + 1= 25
Triangle lengths with 11 as the longest side
11, 10, 9
11, 10, 8
11, 10, 7
11, 10, 6
11, 10, 5
11, 10, 4
11, 10, 3
11, 10, 2
Total outcomes in the form 11, 10, _ = 8
11, 9, 8
11, 9, 7
11, 9, 6
11, 9, 5
11, 9, 4
11, 9, 3
Total outcomes in the form 11, 9, _ = 6
11, 8, 7
11, 8, 6
11, 8, 5
11, 8, 4
Total outcomes in the form 11, 8, _ = 4
11, 7, 6
11, 7, 5
Total outcomes in the form 11, 7, _ = 2
Total number of outcomes with 11 as the longest side = 8 + 6 + 4 + 2= 20
Let's do one more round!
Triangle lengths with 10 as the longest side
10, 9, 8
10, 9, 7
10, 9, 6
10, 9, 5
10, 9, 4
10, 9, 3
10, 9, 2
Total outcomes in the form 10, 9, _ = 7
Total outcomes in the form 10, 8, _ = 5
Total outcomes in the form 10, 7, _ = 3
Total outcomes in the form 10, 6, _ = 1
Total number of outcomes with 10 as the longest side = 7 + 5 + 3 + 1 = 16
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Let's summarize what we have so far:
Total number of outcomes with 12 as the longest side = 9 + 7 + 5 + 3 + 1= 25
Total number of outcomes with 11 as the longest side = 8 + 6 + 4 + 2 = 20
Total number of outcomes with 10 as the longest side = 7 + 5 + 3 + 1 = 16
See the patterns of ODDS and EVENS?
Keep going to get:
The total number of outcomes with 9 as the longest side = 6 + 4 + 2 = 12
The total number of outcomes with 8 as the longest side = 5 + 3 + 1 = 9
The total number of outcomes with 7 as the longest side = 4 + 2 = 6
The total number of outcomes with 6 as the longest side = 3 + 1 = 4
The total number of outcomes with 5 as the longest side = 2 = 2
The total number of outcomes with 4 as the longest side = 1
At this point we're done.
So, the total number of triangles possible = 25 + 20 + 16 + 12 + 9 + 6 + 4 + 2 + 1
= 95
Since we already learned (from earlier posts) that the denominator = 220
So, P(creating a triangle) = 95/220 = 19/44
Answer: C
Cheers
Daksh Kumar