Last visit was: 18 May 2024, 23:35 It is currently 18 May 2024, 23:35

Close

GRE Prep Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GRE score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Verbal Expert
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 28769
Own Kudos [?]: 33347 [3]
Given Kudos: 25249
Send PM
Verbal Expert
Joined: 18 Apr 2015
Posts: 28769
Own Kudos [?]: 33347 [0]
Given Kudos: 25249
Send PM
Retired Moderator
Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 6218
Own Kudos [?]: 11737 [0]
Given Kudos: 136
Send PM
Retired Moderator
Joined: 10 Apr 2015
Posts: 6218
Own Kudos [?]: 11737 [0]
Given Kudos: 136
Send PM
Re: Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k perc [#permalink]
Carcass wrote:
Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k percent and the earnings per share of Stock X increased by m percent, where k is greater than m. By what percent did the ratio of price per share to earnings per share increase, in terms of k and m?


A. \(\frac{k}{m} %\)

B. \((k – m) %\)

C. \(\frac{100(k – m)}{(100 + k)} %\)

D. \(\frac{100(k – m)}{(100 + m)} %\)

E. \(\frac{100(k – m)}{(100 + k + m)} %\)


Let's use the INPUT-OUTPUT approach.

Another approach is to plug in values.

Let $100 be the original price per share of Stock X
Choose a "nice" value for k. How about k = 200
So, after a 200% increase, the new price per share = $300

Let $100 be the original earnings per share of Stock X
Choose a "nice" value for m. How about m = 100
So, after a 100% increase, the new earnings per share = $200

Original ratio of price/earnings = $100/$100 = 1
New ratio of price/earnings = $300/$200 = 1.5

By what percent did the ratio of price per share to earnings per share increase?
So, the percent increase (from 1 to 1.5) is 50%.
In other words, when k = 200 and m = 100, the ratio increases 50%

Now, plug in 200 for k, and 100 for m, and look for the answer choice that also yields 50%.

A. k/m = 200/100 = 2 (nope)

B. (k - m) = 200 - 100 = 100 (nope)

C. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k) = 10,000/300 = 33.333 (nope)

D. [100(k - m)] / (100 + m) = 10,000/200 = 50 GREAT!

E. [100(k - m)] / (100 + k + m) = 10,000/400 = 25 (nope)

Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent
User avatar
GRE Prep Club Legend
GRE Prep Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jan 2021
Posts: 4503
Own Kudos [?]: 68 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Re: Last year the price per share of Stock X increased by k perc [#permalink]
Hello from the GRE Prep Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GRE Prep Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Prep Club for GRE Bot
[#permalink]
Moderators:
Moderator
1085 posts
GRE Instructor
218 posts

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne