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There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d : Reading Comprehension

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There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
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QUESTION #3

The difference between the two kinds of societies, according to the author, is a matter of internal (guilt) and external (shame) motivators. What you must consider, then, is where a moral code might be placed. You are given one particularly useful clue in the phrase “internal guidelines” in sentence 3, which, even if it lacks the strength of a sense of moral right and wrong, still allows us to classify the society in the question as guilt based. Furthermore, in the example at the end of the passage, it is suggested that “moral standards” are an example of a trait of a guilt-based society. The answer is (A). Choice (B) is incorrect; don’t be distracted by the description at the end of the passage that describes how medieval Europe, a shame-based society, dealt with adultery. Choice (C) is beyond the scope of the passage.
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There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
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QUESTION #4


For this question, you must consider the description of the society in the question compared to what you are given in the passage. Early in the passage, you see mention of dishonoring one’s family as an example of a damaging effect on the social group. Societies motivated by effects on the social group are shame-based, not guilt-based, so eliminate choice (A). Choice (B), the correct choice, matches the prediction. Choice (C) is incorrect because there are certainly rules in a shame-based society. Similarly, you can reject (E); it goes beyond the scope of the passage, which does not offer any evidence to suggest that individuals within a society that emphasizes social cohesion do not have an internally regulated morality. (D) is incorrect because there is insufficient information to support such an assertion.
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Re: There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
Summary:
- 2 types of society
- example of shame based society
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Re: There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
How is B correct in Q1 as the passage stated " There is no society where one or the other is entirely absent". So, this means that either one or the other has to be there. This means "​Some cultures are neither shame-based nor guilt-based." can be inferred as False. Isn't it?
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Re: There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
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No B is correct because

Some cultures are neither shame-based nor guilt-based.

Means that some cultures have zero elements of both. I.E are a third entity that doe snot contemplate any element of both

Instead from the passage we do know there does not exist a society in which at least one of the elements that pertain to both is present.


Therefore B is correct The passage does not suggest B
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Re: There is an anthropological theory that states that societies may be d [#permalink]
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